Calais, treaty of

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Calais, treaty of, 1360. By this treaty, based on terms agreed at Brétigny in May, Edward III gained Aquitaine, Poitou, Ponthieu, Guînes, and Calais in full sovereignty, giving up in return his claim to the French throne and to Normandy, Anjou, and Maine, and agreeing to ransom the French king, John II, for 3 million écus. The renunciations—by Edward of his French claim and by John II of sovereignty—were never formally made. Thus although the treaty marked a triumph for Edward III, John II's son, Charles V, was able to reopen the war in 1369 on the grounds that its terms had never been fulfilled.

Anne Curry