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Pipton-on-Wye, treaty of

Pipton-on-Wye, treaty of, 1265. An agreement between Llywelyn ap Gruffydd and Simon de Montfort, the baronial leader who had Henry III in custody. On 19 June Llywelyn capitalized on civil war in England to secure advantageous terms from the barons, consolidating his control of the central marches of Wales. In return for £20,000 over ten years, Simon recognized Llywelyn's title as prince of Wales and vassal of the king, and his suzerainty over the Welsh nobility; he also promised Llywelyn further lands and castles on the English border. Although Simon was soon dead at Evesham (4 August), Henry III concluded a similar peace with Llywelyn at Montgomery (25 September 1267), confirming his title and status of prince, and his right to the allegiance of Welsh nobles. Llywelyn's power was at its height.

Ralph Alan Griffiths

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