Chennault became aviation adviser to the Chinese government in 1937, and in 1941 organized the American Volunteer Group, the “Flying Tigers,” to fight for China against the Japanese invaders. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Chennault rejoined the U.S. Army Air Forces, became a major general in February 1943, and took command of the new Fourteenth Air Force in China. Communicating with President Franklin D. Roosevelt, he undercut his superior, Lieut. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, with whom he disagreed about strategy and the apportionment of scarce supplies. An inspirational leader as well as a difficult subordinate, Chennault won aerial victories but could not achieve his ambition of defeating the Japanese in China exclusively through airpower.
Having retired again in 1945, he helped launch Civil Air Transport, China's national airline. The airline moved to Taiwan when the Communists conquered the mainland, and by the time of Chennault's death had undertaken numerous missions for the Central Intelligence Agency.
[See also China, U.S. Military Involvement in.]
Claire L. Chennault , Way of a Fighter, ed. Robert W. Hotz, 1949.
Martha Byrd , Chennault: Giving Wings to the Tiger, 1987.
Daniel Ford , Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and the American Volunteer Group, 1991.
Bernard C. Nalty
"Chennault, Claire." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chennault-claire
"Chennault, Claire." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved August 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chennault-claire
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.