CHAMBLY, CANADA. 18 October 1775. During the siege of St. Johns, Major Joseph Stopford with eighty-eight officers and men of the Seventh Foot held Chambly, ten miles farther north. Although the place was of great strategic importance, Guy Carleton, governor of Quebec and commander of British forces in Canada, lacked the manpower to give it a larger garrison and felt that St. Johns would screen it. A large combat patrol led by Major John Brown had ambushed a supply train two miles from the fort on 17 September and then (after being reinforced) had driven an attempted sortie back into Chambly. There matters rested, with neither side able to amass enough strength to attempt anything. But on the night of 17 October, at the suggestion of pro-rebel Canadians, two American bateaux slipped past the defenses of St. Johns. They brought nine-pound guns, which altered the balance of power. Brown with fifty Americans and three hundred Canadians led by James Livingston surrounded the impressive-looking but thin-walled stone fort. The guns fired a few rounds that knocked holes, and Stopford promptly surrendered. In addition to the prisoners, the Americans captured 6 tons of gunpowder, 6,500 musket cartridges, 3 mortars, and 125 stand of arms, along with a large stock of food. Neither side had anyone killed or seriously injured. The fall of this garrison helped to seal St. Johns's fate, and the Seventh Foot's captured colors appear in the background of John Trumbull's painting of the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
revised by Robert K. Wright Jr.
"Chambly, Canada." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chambly-canada
"Chambly, Canada." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved April 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chambly-canada
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.