Cripple Creek Mining Boom
CRIPPLE CREEK MINING BOOM
CRIPPLE CREEK MINING BOOM began in the early 1890s southwest of Pikes Peak in Colorado, on a former cattle ranch. Robert Womack, a cowboy who prospected occasionally, discovered a promising vein of gold in January 1891. Spring brought many prospectors. On 4 July, W. S. Stratton staked the Independence claim that was to bring him wealth and preeminence as a mine operator. The gap between the mines' wealthy investors and its poorly paid miners, along with an influx of new workers in 1893, led to serious strikes in 1894 and 1904. The district's gold output reached $50 million in 1900 and thereafter declined. The Cripple Creek mines closed in the early 1960s.
Neuschatz, Michael. The Golden Sword: The Coming of Capitalism to the Colorado Mining Frontier. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.
Rodman, Paul W. Mining Frontiers of the Far West, 1848–1880. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963.
LeRoy R.Hafen/f. b.
"Cripple Creek Mining Boom." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 24, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cripple-creek-mining-boom
"Cripple Creek Mining Boom." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved October 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cripple-creek-mining-boom
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.