Bandung Conference

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BANDUNG CONFERENCE (1955)

Assembly of twenty-nine developing nations, including many from the Middle East, to discuss international relations, colonialism, and cooperation.

The conference was convened by prime ministers Muhammad Ali of Pakistan, Jawaharlal Nehru of India, U Nu of Burma, Sir John Kotelawala of Ceylon, and Ali Sastroamidjojo of Indonesia. Twenty-nine developing nations assembled in Bandung, Indonesia, in April 1955 to discuss their role in a world dominated by the superpowers. Major issues were colonialism, economic and cultural cooperation, the legitimacy of defense pacts such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), and the viability of peaceful coexistence.

The Middle Eastern states were represented by such leaders as Dr. Charles Malik of Lebanon, Dr. Muhammad Fadhil al-Jamali of Iraq, Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, and Prince Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz of Saudi Arabia. The conference passed resolutions supporting the independence struggles of Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia against France, and it called for a peaceful settlement of the issue of the Palestinians in accordance with United Nations resolutions.

The Bandung Conference saw Nasser emerge as an international leader. The ties that he established there with Nehru would lead in six years to the first Nonaligned Nations Conference in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

see also faisal ibn abd al-aziz al saʿud; jamali, muhammad fadhil al-; malik, charles habib; nasser, gamal abdel; north atlantic treaty organization (nato).


Bibliography

Abdulgani, Roeslan. The Bandung Connection, translated by Molly Bondan. Singapore: Gunung Agung, 1981.

Bell, P. M. H. The World since 1945: An International History. London: Arnold; New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Jansen, G. F. AfroAsia and Non-Alignment. London and New York: Praeger, 1966.

Wright, Richard. The Color Curtain: A Report on the Bandung Conference. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1995.

Zachary Karabell

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Bandung Conference, meeting of representatives of 29 African and Asian nations, held at Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955. The aim—to promote economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism—was more or less achieved in an atmosphere of cordiality. China played a prominent part and strengthened its friendly relations with other Asian nations. Not invited to the conference were South Africa, Israel, Taiwan, South Korea, and North Korea. The conference ultimately led to the establishment of the Nonaligned Movement in 1961. In later years, conflicts between the nonaligned nations eroded the solidarity expressed at Bandung. See also Third World.

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BANDUNG CONFERENCE

Afro-Asiatic conference of nonaligned countries that took place in Bandung (Indonesia) between 17 and 24 April 1955. This conference marked the political birth of the Third World. Point number two of the final communiqué, affirming the right of people to decide for themselves, treated the Palestinian question in the following terms: "Considering the tension existing in the Middle East, tension that has been caused by the situation in Palestine, and considering the danger this tension constitutes for world peace, the Asiatic and African Conference declares its support for the rights of the Arab people of Palestine and demands the application of the United Nations resolutions on Palestine and the realization of a peaceful solution to the Palestinian problem."

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Bandung Conference (1955) International meeting in Bandung, Indonesia. Representatives of 29 non-aligned countries of Asia and Africa, including China, met to express their united opposition to colonialism and to gain recognition for less developed nations.