Skip to main content



BANETH , family of scholars. eduard ezekiel baneth (1855–1930), talmudic scholar, was a descendant of the well-known *Banet family of rabbis and scholars. He was born in Liptó-Szent-Miklós (Slovakia). From 1882 to 1895 he served as rabbi at Krotoszyn (near Poznan) and then as lecturer of Talmud at the Lehranstalt fuer die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin. In 1919 the Prussian Ministry of Education awarded him the title of professor. Baneth's work was devoted mainly to talmudic and rabbinic literature, the development of halakhah, and the Jewish calendar. Among his published works are Ursprung der Sadokaeer und Boethosaeer (1882); Maimunis Neumondberechnung (4 vols., 1898–1903); Der Sederabend (1904); Avot mit Maimunis arabischem Kommentar (1905); Maimonides als Chronologe und Astronom (1914); Soziale Motive in der rabbinischen Rechtspflege (1922); Bilder talmudischer Ethik (1926); and Der juedische und buergerliche Kalender (1928). Baneth also contributed to the Samter-Hoffmann German translation and commentary of the Mishnah (order of Mo'ed, 19272).

His son david hartwig (zvi; 1893–1973) was an Arabist. Born in Krotoszyn, from 1920 to 1924 he was an assistant at the Akademie fuer die Wissenschaft des Judentums. He then went to Palestine where he was a lecturer at the Hebrew University on Arabic philosophy, language, and literature. From 1946 he was professor of Arabic language and literature. In his earlier years David made important contributions to ancient Aramaic and Canaanite studies, but his life's work consisted in the study of Jewish thought as expressed in Arabic, Arabic as used by Jews, and medieval Hebrew. He wrote on the enigmatic Jewish rationalist *Ibn Kammuna (mgwj, vol. 69, 1925), on the relationship between *Judah Halevi and the Muslim theologian *Ghazali (Korrespondenzblatt, vol. 5, 1929; see also Keneset, vol. 7, 1942), and on the use made by both Ghazali and the Jewish pietist Baḥya ibn Paquda of a passage in a book by a Christian author (Magnes Jubilee Volume, 1938).

Baneth was at his best in the editing and criticism of texts, such as his edition of Maimonides' letters (Iggerot ha-Rambam, 1946), his revisions of Maimonides' Terminology of Logic (edited by L. Roth, 1935) and of the Book of Beatitude, ascribed to Maimonides (prepared for publication by H.S. Davidowitz, 1939), as well as his discussion of the Hebrew translations of Maimonides' treatise on resurrection (Tarbiz, vol. 11, 1939/40, and vol. 13, 1941/42) and of Maimonides' Hebrew usage (Tarbiz, vol. 6, 1934/35 and vol. 23, 1951/52). He published many detailed reviews of Judeo-Arabic works in Kirjath Sepher. Of particular importance are Baneth's studies of the language and contents of the Cairo Genizah documents (cf. S. Shaked, A Tentative Bibliography of Geniza Documents (1964), 268–9). Most of the Arabic Genizah texts published by S. *Assaf were prepared for publication and translated into Hebrew by Baneth. By emphasizing that most deviations from classical Arabic grammar in the Genizah documents were not "mistakes," but represented the living language of the period, Baneth pointed the way for a sound approach to the understanding of those medieval writings.

[Moshe David Herr /

Shelomo Dov Goitein /

Samuel Miklos Stern]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Baneth." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 21 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Baneth." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 21, 2019).

"Baneth." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.