Skip to main content

Body Fat Distribution

Body Fat Distribution

Adipose tissue accumulation is referred to as body fat distribution. For individuals with android (apple-shaped) distribution, fat is centered around the abdominal area. This leads to an increased risk for coronary artery disease, stroke , diabetes , and high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is also an indicator for obesity . Gynoid (pear-shaped) distribution is associated with body fat that accumulates around the hip and thigh region.

Specific body fat distribution is often determined by measuring the waist-to-hip ratio, which is the circumference of the waist divided by the circumference of the hips. Android fat distribution is defined as a ratio greater than 1.0 for men and 0.8 for women.

see also Anthropometric Measurements; Body Image; Obesity; Waist-to-Hip Ratio; Weight Management.

Diane L. Golzynski

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Body Fat Distribution." Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Body Fat Distribution." Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/food/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/body-fat-distribution

"Body Fat Distribution." Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z. . Retrieved August 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/food/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/body-fat-distribution

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.