William and Mary

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William and Mary. Architectural style of the reigns of king William III (reigned 1689–1702) and Queen Mary II (reigned 1688–94) in Great Britain, coming mid-way between the French-inspired Baroque of the Restoration and the Queen Anne period. It embraced influences from William's own country, The Netherlands, and was leavened by themes from France brought over by Huguenot refugees after the Revocation (1685) of the Edict of Nantes (1598—which had given French Protestants equality of citizenship). It also included an exotic thread in that it had a taste for oriental motifs from China which led to the beginnings of Chinoiserie.

Bibliography

Journal of Garden History, viii/2–3 (1988);
Thornton (1984)