Nyrop, Martin

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Nyrop, Martin (1849–1921). Danish architect. His first independent work seems to have been the rotunda for Østre Gasværk (Gas Works), Copenhagen (1881—now a theatre), the dome of which is almost the same size as that of the Pantheon in Rome. Influenced by Dahlerup, Herholdt, and his travels, his work began to draw on historical precedents. His buildings include the Vallekilde Training College (1884—with later extensions of 1889), the Landsarkivet, Copenhagen (Zealand Public Records Office—1891–2), and a series of country-houses (e.g. those at Gisselfeld (1894) and Vallekilde (1889) ). He also designed churches (e.g. Stenderup (1903–4), the Eliaskirke, Copenhagen (1905–8), and the Lutherkirke, Copenhagen (1914–18) ), but made his name with the Nordic Exhibition (1888) which established his credentials as a major figure of National Romanticism. His greatest building, however, is the City Hall, Copenhagen (1892–1905), inspired by the Palazzo Pubblico and Square in Siena. One of the internal courts was designed with a glazed roof, possibly a precedent for Berlage's Stock Exchange in Amsterdam, and the building had an immense influence on Northern-European public architecture. His Bispebjerg Hospital (1906–13) drew on the timber-framed tradition in Denmark, and it was designed on the pavilion principle.

Bibliography

Are, xviii (1905), 283–88;
Millech (1951);
Placzek (ed.) (1951);
Rasmussen (1940);
van Vynckt (ed.) (1993);
Weilbach (from 1994)