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Flemish Mannerism. North-European mutation and mélange of Flamboyant Gothic, High Renaissance Italian Mannerist, and French Renaissance Fontainebleau styles. It exploited cartouches, caryatides, grotesque ornament, herms, banded pilasters, obelisks, and strapwork, composed with a freedom bordering on licentiousness. The style was disseminated in pattern-books by Dietterlin, de Vries, and others, notably in England and C18 Spain, where it had a profound effect on Baroque details such as the estípite. Examples of the style include some of the guild-houses in the Grand' Place, Brussels (from the 1690s), and the Town Hall, Leiden (1597).