Skip to main content

Shulman, Marshall Darrow 1916-2007 (Marshall Shulman, Marshall D. Shulman)

Shulman, Marshall Darrow 1916-2007 (Marshall Shulman, Marshall D. Shulman)


See index for CA sketch: Born April 8, 1916, in Jersey City, NJ; died June 21, 2007, in Sherman, CT. Sovietologist, educator, administrator, diplomat, and author. Shulman is remembered as a leading scholar in the field of Soviet studies, though his specialty came to him indirectly. He was trained in government, economics, and literature; worked briefly as a journalist and public affairs representative; then went to war in 1942. After World War II it occurred to him, according to a New York Times obituary by Douglas Martin, that a major concern in future decades would be American relations with the Soviet Union. He went back to college with that in mind and earned a doctorate in Russian studies in 1959. Shulman taught at Harvard University, where he also served as the associate director of the Russian Research Center from 1954 to 1962, and at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, a specialized branch of Tufts University, from 1961 to 1967. Shulman returned to his alma mater in 1967 as the director of the Russian Institute at Columbia University, where he played a substantial role in securing the huge endowment that resulted in the renaming of the center as the W. Averell Harriman Institute for Advanced Study of the Soviet Union. He directed the institute for almost twenty years, retiring in 1986. Behind the scenes, Shulman served as an unofficial Cold War diplomat, along with a team of other specialists and public figures from both sides of the Iron Curtain. The so-called "second-track diplomats" would meet in various countries on dozens of occasions, to discuss matters of mutual concern, most notably nuclear proliferation and the arms race. As early as 1966, however, Shulman foresaw an end to the debate and the threat. His lectures to the powerful Council on Foreign Relations were published as a book, Beyond the Cold War. His other writings include Stalin's Foreign Policy Reappraised (1963) and an edited work, East-West Tensions in the Third World (1986).



Los Angeles Times, June 22, 2007, p. B9.

New York Times, June 23, 2007, Douglas Martin, p. B10.

Washington Post, June 25, 2007, p. B6.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Shulman, Marshall Darrow 1916-2007 (Marshall Shulman, Marshall D. Shulman)." Contemporary Authors. . (April 24, 2019).

"Shulman, Marshall Darrow 1916-2007 (Marshall Shulman, Marshall D. Shulman)." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.