Nardulli, Peter F. 1947-
Nardulli, Peter F. 1947-
Born May 12, 1947, in Chicago, IL. Education: Northern Illinois University, B.A., 1969; Northwestern University, M.A., 1972, J.D., 1973, Ph.D., 1975.
Home—Champaign, IL. Office—Department of Political Science, University of Illinois, 361 Lincoln Hall, 702 S. Wright St., Urbana, IL 61801. E-mail—[email protected]
University of Illinois, Urbana, beginning 1974, became a professor, 1985, Institute of Government and Public Affairs, acting director, 1985-86, department of political science, acting head, 1988-90, director of graduate studies, 1987-91, head of the department of political science, 1992—, professor of political science, 1997—, Center for the Study of Democratic Governance, director, 2004—, professor of law, 2005—, founding director of the Cline Center for Democracy.
American Political Science Association, Law and Society Association, Midwest Political Science Association.
Various research grants, awards, and conference support, including grants from the University of Illinois and from the Champaign-Urbana High Crime Program, 1977-78, East Central Illinois Criminal Justice Commission, 1978, Illinois Law Enforcement Commission, 1978-79, National Institute of Justice (with James Eisenstein and Roy Flemming), 1979-82, National Science Foundation, 1983-85, American Bar Foundation, 1983-85, Roosevelt Center for American Policy Studies, 1985-86, State of Illinois, 1985-86. Recipient of grants and awards in support of programs and forums, including grants from the Joyce Foundation for the Civic Leadership Forum, 2004-06, Center for the Study of Democratic Governance, 2004, Northern Trust Bank for the Northern Trust Forum on Democracy and Globalization, 2005-08, Critical Research Initiatives Program for National Institutions, Settings, and Societal Welfare, 2005-06, PepsiAmericas Foundation, 2005-07, and the McCormick Tribune Foundation for Civic Leadership Program, 2005-06.
The Courtroom Elite: An Organizational Perspective on Criminal Justice, Ballinger Publishing (Cambridge, MA), 1978.
The Study of Criminal Courts: Political Perspectives, Ballinger Publishing (Cambridge, MA), 1979.
(With Jeffrey M. Stonecash) Politics, Professionalism, and Urban Services, Oelgeschlager, Gunn & Hain (Cambridge, MA), 1981.
Prisons, Dollars, and Crime, Institute of Government and Public Affairs, University of Illinois (Urbana, IL), 1983.
(With James Eisenstein and Roy B. Flemming) The Contours of Justice: Communities and Their Courts, Little, Brown (Boston, MA), 1988, University Press of America (Lanham, MD), 1999.
(With James Eisenstein and Roy B. Flemming) The Tenor of Justice: Criminal Courts and the Guilty Plea Process, University of Illinois Press (Urbana, IL), 1988.
(Editor) Diversity, Conflict, and State Politics: Regionalism in Illinois, University of Illinois Press (Urbana, IL), 1989.
(With James Eisenstein and Roy B. Flemming) The Craft of Justice: Politics and Work in Criminal Court Communities, University of Pennsylvania Press (Philadelphia, PA), 1992.
(Editor) The Constitution and American Political Development: An Institutional Perspective, University of Illinois Press (Urbana, IL), 1992.
(Editor) International Perspectives on Contemporary Democracy ("Democracy, Free Enterprise, and the Rule of Law" series), University of Illinois Press (Urbana, IL), 2008.
(Editor) Domestic Perspectives on Contemporary Democracy ("Democracy, Free Enterprise, and the Rule of Law" series), University of Illinois Press (Urbana, IL), 2008.
Contributor to works by others, including The Political Dynamics of Thinking and Feeling, edited by George Marcus and others, University of Chicago Press. Contributor to periodicals, including Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Public Choice, University of Illinois Law Review, Policy Perspectives, Political Science and Politics, Political Communications, Chicago Tribune, and American Political Science Review.
Peter F. Nardulli has enjoyed a long career at the University of Illinois, where he has been a professor of both political science and law, as well as director of affiliated programs. Nardulli is the author of several volumes, including, with James Eisenstein and Roy B. Flemming, The Contours of Justice: Communities and Their Courts, The Tenor of Justice: Criminal Courts and the Guilty Plea Process, and The Craft of Justice: Politics and Work in Criminal Court Communities. These volumes are based on a study funded by the National Institute of Justice that focused on the criminal court systems of nine communities in Illinois, Michigan, and Pennsylvania. The Contours of Justice studies the interrelationships of those in the criminal court system, and The Tenor of Justice focuses on the guilty plea process. The project spanned three decades and involved more than seven thousand cases. The editors draw on complex questionnaires of criminal court participants and three hundred less formal interviews.
In The Craft of Justice, the editors focus on the three main figures in the courthouse. They include the judge, district attorney, and defense attorney. The authors identify similar and dissimilar traits of these three figures in various courthouses, so that both the generic process and individual approaches are presented. The trial courts are differentiated by the types of district attorneys who preside over them. According to Political Science Quarterly contributor Thomas Church, types include "‘insurgents,’ ‘reformers,’ and ‘conservators,’ based on their political and professional objectives," their attitudes toward reform, and their place in the relationships of power that control the courthouse and the broader politics of the region. Also discussed are the administrative issues that are important to the understanding of how trial courts process their cases. The subject of vertical v. horizontal prosecution by district attorneys is covered, as is case management and docketing by judges and their staffs.
In reviewing this final volume of the series, Church wrote: "I believe this book presents as clear and comprehensive a picture of the complex interrelationships of political environment, internal organization and administration, and formal and informal procedures of felony trial courts as we are likely to see for many years. As such, it represents a fitting conclusion to a highly productive collegial research effort."
In Popular Efficacy in the Democratic Era: A Reexamination of Electoral Accountability in the United States, 1828-2000, Nardulli examines forty-four presidential election cycles with a nontraditional approach. Rather than rely on data collected on a national level, he studies it on local and state levels in assessing voter decisions and the factors that influenced them.
"Nardulli finds that despite elite efforts to manage electoral behavior, voters are capable of making consequential electoral changes when their core desires are impacted," noted Nicole Mellow in the Political Science Quarterly. Mellow further stated: "The author suggests that the frequency of competitive contests, realignments, upsets, and electoral base shifts teaches strategic elites of the need to be concerned about voter reaction to their stewardship."
Nardulli is the editor of two of the inaugural volumes in the "Democracy, Free Enterprise, and the Rule of Law" series published by the University of Illinois Press. The stated purpose of the series is to forecast the future of democracy. One volume, International Perspectives on Contemporary Democracy, includes contributions by Lisa Anderson, Larry Diamond, Zachary Elkins, John R. Freeman, Brian J. Gaines, James H. Kuklinski, Melissa A. Orlie, Buddy Peyton, Paul J. Quirk, Wendy Rahn, Bruce Russett, Beth Simmons, and Nardulli. Studied are the forms of democracy adopted by various countries around the world, as well as the various concerns and forms of resistance that have arisen in response to the institutions and elite that are perceived to be out of the control of existing democratic structures. The contributing scholars, who come from a variety of political science subdisciplines, including international relations, political economy, comparative politics, and political theory, consider how fast and far democracy could spread and how global agencies might affect individual democracies by possibly usurping their power and authority to govern themselves.
Domestic Perspectives on Contemporary Democracy includes contributions by W. Lance Bennett, Bruce Bimber, Jon Fraenkel, Brian J. Gaines, Bernard Grofman, Wayne V. McIntosh, Mark Q. Sawyer, Stephen Simon, Paul M. Sniderman, Jack Snyder, as well as Nardulli himself. This volume notes the large number of democracies that have been formed since 1974, and considers the threats democracy faces in the twenty-first century. Contributors study the challenges democracies will face from within and project how they may be confronted. Expected challenges include conflicts over religious, racial, and ethnic distinctions, the development and use of new technologies, and access to education, employment, and resources. It is noted that democratically elected governments can act less democratically when it comes to political intimidation and access to information. Governments can direct resources to control the direction and conditions of elections, which has resulted in recently disputed elections in the democratic countries of the United States, Lebanon, Mexico, and the Ukraine. Also addressed are the ways in which ostensibly democratic governments spy on their own citizens.
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
American Political Science Review, March, 1991, Adelaide H. Villmoare, review of The Tenor of Justice: Criminal Courts and the Guilty Plea Process, p. 299; December, 1991, G. Alan Tarr, review of The Contours of Justice: Communities and Their Courts, p. 1462; June, 1994, Eileen L. McDonagh, review of The Constitution and American Political Development: An Institutional Perspective, p. 482; June, 1994, Herbert M. Kritzer, review of The Craft of Justice: Politics and Work in Criminal Court Communities, p. 470.
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, May, 1982, review of Politics, Professionalism, and Urban Services, p. 197.
Choice, June, 1993, F.W. Neuber, review of The Craft of Justice, p. 1705; May, 2006, J. Heyrman, review of Popular Efficacy in the Democratic Era: A Reexamination of Electoral Accountability in the United States, 1828-2000, p. 1678.
Contemporary Sociology, September, 1993, Jo Dixon, review of The Craft of Justice, p. 712.
Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, November, 1988, Roger Leng, review of The Contours of Justice, p. 311.
Journal of American History, December, 1993, Jonathan Lurie, review of The Constitution and American Political Development, p. 1072.
Journal of Criminal Justice, November, 1993, Ann Munster, review of The Craft of Justice, p. 607.
Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, spring, 1989, Donald J. Harris, review of The Tenor of Justice, p. 372.
Journal of Police Science and Administration, December, 1982, review of Politics, Professionalism, and Urban Services, p. 484.
Journal of Politics, August, 1993, Andrew J. Polsky, review of The Constitution and American Political Development, p. 812; February, 1994, Liane C. Kosaki, review of The Craft of Justice, p. 286.
Judicature, April 1, 1989, Malcolm M. Feeley, review of The Contours of Justice, p. 368; January 1, 1994, Stuart Scheingold, review of The Craft of Justice, p. 227.
Law and Social Inquiry, spring, 1988, review of The Tenor of Justice, p. 433.
Law & Society Review, December, 1989, John Paul Ryan, review of The Tenor of Justice, p. 932.
Political Science Quarterly, winter, 1993, Thomas Church, review of The Craft of Justice, p. 755; fall, 2006, Nicole Mellow, review of Popular Efficacy in the Democratic Era, p. 534.
Reference & Research Book News, June, 1988, review of The Tenor of Justice, p. 15.