Gutmann, Amy 1949-
GUTMANN, Amy 1949-
PERSONAL: Born November 19, 1949, in Brooklyn, NY; daughter of Kurt and Beatrice (Brenner) Gutmann; married Michael W. Doyle (a professor), May 30, 1976; children: Abigail Gutmann Doyle. Education: Harvard University, B.A. (magna cum laude), 1971, Ph.D., 1976; London School of Economics and Political Science, London, M.S., 1972.
CAREER: Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, assistant professor, 1976-81, associate professor, 1981-86, professor of politics, 1987—, Andrew W. Mellon Professorship, 1987-90, Laurance S. Rockefeller University Professor of Politics and the University Center for Human Values, 1990—, director of graduate studies in politics, 1986-88, director of Program in Political Philosophy, 1987-90, director of Program in Ethics and Public Affairs, 1990-95, 1997—, director of University Center for Human Values, 1990-95, 1998—, dean of faculty, 1995-97, academic advisor to the president, 1997-98, provost, 2001—. Visitor at Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University, 1981-82; visiting Rockefeller Faculty Fellow at Center for Philosophy and Public Policy, University of Maryland, 1984-85; visiting professor at Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 1988-89, participant in Saguaro Seminar, 1996-2000, member of advisory council, 1996—. Hastings Center, Institute of Society, Ethics, and the Life Sciences, fellow, 1982—, vice-president, 1986. Burkhardt Lecturer, Ball State University, 1991; Tanner Lecturer, Stanford University, 1994-95; Patten Lecturer, Indiana University—Bloomington, 1995. Member of board and executive committee, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, CA, 1998—. Lecturer at colleges and universities, including Arizona State University, Rice University, Santa Clara University, Rutgers University, and Brown University. Project on the Federal Social Role, director of Democracy and the Welfare State, 1985-86. Member of Twentieth-Century Fund Task Force on the Presidential Appointment Process, 1996; member of Penn National Commission on Society, Culture, and Community, 1996-2000; member of senior advisory panel, National Commission on Civic Renewal, 1996-2000. Member of board of trustees, Rockefeller College, 1982—, and Princeton University Press, 1996—; member of board of directors, Center for Policy Research in Education, 1985-88, and Salzburg Seminar, 1987-90. Consultant to President's Commission on Ethical Issues in Health Care, 1979-80, National Conference on Social Welfare, 1984-85, Schumann Foundation, 1996, Spencer Foundation, and Mellon Foundation Sawyer Seminar Selection Committee, 1996—.
MEMBER: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Academy of Political and Social Science, American Political Science Association (chairperson, Leo Strauss Award Committee, 1984-85), American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy (vice president, 1989-92; president, 2001-04), Association of Practical and Professional Ethics (founding member; member of executive committee, 1990—), American Council of Education, Whig-Cliosophic Society (chair of board of trustees, 1985-88), Paris Group for Philosophy and Social Science.
AWARDS, HONORS: Fellow, Danforth Foundation, 1973-76, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1977, and American Council of Learned Societies, 1978-79; LL.D., Kalamazoo College, 1992; McCosh Faculty Fellowship, Princeton University, 1993-94; Spencer Foundation Senior Scholar and Mentor grants, 1995-2004; Ralph J. Bunche Award, American Political Science Association, and Book Award, North American Society for Social Philosophy, both 1997, for Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race; Kenneth Robinson Fellowship, University of Hong Kong, 1998-99; Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights in North America Award, 1997; Bertram Mott Award "in recognition of outstanding achievement towards advancing the goals of higher education" from American Association of University Professors, 1998; President's Distinguished Teaching Award, Princeton University, 2000.
Democratic Education, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1987, new expanded edition, 1999.
(With Anthony Appiah) Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1996.
(With Dennis Thompson) Democracy and Disagreement, Belknap Press (Cambridge, MA), 1996.
Identity in Democracy: A Humanist View, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 2003.
(With Dennis Thompson) Ethics and Politics: Cases and Comments, Nelson-Hall (Chicago, IL), 1984, third edition, 1997.
Democracy and the Welfare State, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1988.
(And author of introduction) Multiculturalism and "The Politics of Recognition," Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1992, expanded edition published as Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, 1994.
(And author of introduction) A Matter of Interpretation: Federal Courts and the Law, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1997.
(And author of introduction) Freedom of Association, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1998.
Robert M. Solow, Work and Welfare, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1998.
(And author of introduction) J. M. Coetzee and others, The Lives of Animals, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1999.
Judith Jarvis Thomson, Goodness and Advice, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 2001.
(And author of introduction) Michael Ignatieff, Human Rights As Politics and Idolatry, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 2001.
(And author of introduction) Judith Jarvis Thomson, Goodness and Advice, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 2001.
Contributor to numerous books, including Utilitarianism and Beyond, edited by Amartya Sen and Bernard Williams, Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, England), 1982; Liberal Democracy, edited by J. Roland Pennock and John W. Chapman, New York University Press (New York, NY), 1983; Liberalism Reconsidered, edited by Douglas MacLean and Claudia Mills, Rowman & Allanheld (Totowa, NJ), 1983; Moral Problems in Medicine, edited with introductions by Samuel Gorovitz and others, second edition, Prentice-Hall (Englewood Cliffs, NJ), 1983; Representation and Responsibility: Exploring Legislative Ethics, edited by Bruce Jennings and Daniel Callahan, Plenum (New York, NY), 1985; Justification, edited by Roland Pennock and John W. Chapman, New York University Press (New York, NY), 1986; Pluralism, Justice, and Equality, edited by David Miller and Michael Walzer, Oxford University Press (Oxford, England), 1995; Public Education in a Multicultural Society: Policy, Theory, Critique, edited by Robert Fullinwider, Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, England), 1996; Liberal Modernism and Democratic Individuality: George Kateb and the Practice of Politics, edited by Austin Sarat and Dana R. Villa, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1996; Universities and Their Leadership, edited by William G. Bowen and Harold T. Shapiro, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1998; Deliberative Politics: Essays on Democracy and Disagreement, edited by Stephen Macedo, Oxford University Press (Oxford, England), 1999; The Social Worlds of Higher Education: Handbook for Teaching in a New Century, edited by B. A. Pescosolido and R. Aminzade, Pine Forge Press (Thousand Islands, CA), 1999; Race and Ethnicity in the United States: Issues and Debates, edited by Stephen Steinberg, Blackwell (Malden, MA), 1999; Obligations of Citizenship and Demands of Faith, Religious Accommodation in Pluralist Democracies, edited by Nancy L. Rosenblum, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 2000; Truth vs. Justice, edited by Robert Rotberg and Dennis Thompson, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 2001; The Democratic Purposes of Education, edited by L. M. McDonnell and M. Timpane, University of Press of Kansas (Lawrence, KS), 2001; Taking Responsibility: Comparative Perspectives, edited by Winston Davis, University of Virginia Press (Charlottesville, VA), 2001; School Choice: The Moral Debate, edited by Alan Wolfe, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 2002; NOMOS: Moral and Political Education, edited by Stephen Macedo and Y. Tamir, New York University Press (New York, NY), 2002; Ethical Dimensions of Health Policy, edited by M. Danis, C. Clancy, and L. Churchill, Oxford University Press (Oxford, England), 2002.
Contributor of articles to encyclopedias, including International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought, Twentieth-Century Political Thinkers, and Encyclopaedia of Political Thought. Editor, "University Center for Human Values Series in Ethics and Public Affairs," Princeton University Press, 1992—. Contributor of articles and reviews to numerous professional journals, including American Political Science Review, Dissent, Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, Philosophy and Public Affairs, Washington Post, Studies in Philosophy and Education, Stanford Law Review, Ethics, Values and Public Policy, and Political Theory. Member of editorial board, Teachers' College Record, 1990—, Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Public Policy, 1991—, Raritan, 1995—, Journal of Political Philosophy, 1995—, and Handbook of Political Theory, 1999—.
Gutmann's books have been translated into Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, Swedish, Hebrew, Slovene, and Turkish.
SIDELIGHTS: Amy Gutmann's work centers on the political and philosophical implications of current issues in terms of her commitment to liberalism and democracy. In her 1987 book, Democratic Education, Gutmann observes that liberalism, the belief in timeless principles of equality and individual rights, and democracy, the belief in government by and for the people, are not always compatible since the will of the majority can jeopardize an individual's rights. Although Benjamin R. Barber's review of the book in the New Republic criticized Gutmann for not sufficiently resolving this liberal/democratic conflict, he nonetheless lauded her "unimpeachable sense of fairness." In addition, Jean Floud of the Times Literary Supplement said Gutmann's political theory of education is "rigorously deployed and its practical implications are conscientiously demonstrated in close, well-documented and instructive discussion of controversial issues in the politics of American education."
Liberalism and democracy are also central themes in Liberal Equality, which examines the liberal tradition by tracing its history through such thinkers as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Immanuel Kant. Democracy and the Welfare State, a collection of papers given at a seminar on social values and welfare in America, was sponsored by the Project on the Federal Social Role. Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race examines the philosophies of language and politics as they affect race issues in the United States. In the Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Lewis R. Gordon wrote: "Color Conscious is a fine volume. Its strengths emerge . . . primarily from Gutmann's truly excellent, thought-provoking contribution, which is by far among the best scholarly treatments in U.S. liberal political thought on the struggle against racism."
Gutmann is also the editor of a series of books that collect the annual Tanner Lectures at Princeton University, as well as scholarly responses to those lectures. She is editor, as well, of Freedom of Association, a work that explores constitutional principles that apply to issues of "expressive association" and "public accommodation"—for instance, in the Boy Scouts of America rules that ban homosexuals from participation. William A. Galston in the American Political Science Review found Freedom of Association to be "written at a high level of clarity, rigor, and relevance to problems that matter."
Gutmann once told CA: "My work in moral and political philosophy and practical ethics has focused most recently on the moral challenges of democracy. Color Conscious won the 1997 Ralph J. Bunche Award for 'the best scholarly work in political science which explores the phenomenon of ethnic and cultural pluralism' and the North American Society for Social Philosophy award for the book that 'makes the most significant contribution to social philosophy.' Democracyand Disagreement confronts the challenge of moral disagreement in democracy and shows how a democracy can develop mutual respect among citizens even in the face of irresolvable moral disagreements. The concept that Dennis Thompson and I develop in the book is called deliberative democracy, which is an antidote to soundbite democracy. My teaching and research interests extend to moral and political philosophy, practical ethics, education, and public policy."
In 2001 Gutmann took on a new and unique challenge as provost of Princeton University. Her appointment by university president Shirley Tilghman marked only the second time in Ivy League history that women have served as a president-provost team. Gutmann was quoted in the Radcliffe Quarterly: "We can't live a human life without educating others and ourselves. Education is an essential part of what it means to be a human being."
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
American Political Science Review, December, 2000, William A. Galston, review of Freedom of Association, p. 929.
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, March, 1998, Lewis R. Gordon, review of Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race, p. 209.
Canadian Journal of Philosophy, June, 1999, Christine Sypnowich, review of Color Conscious, p. 275.
Choice, May, 2002, D. P. Forsythe, review of Human Rights As Politics and Idolatry, p. 1660.
Commonweal, February 12, 1999, Charles R. Morris, review of Work and Welfare, p. 24.
Current History, William W. Finan, Jr., "On Human Rights," review of Human Rights As Politics and Idolatry, pp. 229-231.
Ethics, April, 1998, William A. Galston, review of Democracy and Disagreement, p. 607.
Journal of Communication, spring, 1999, Joohan Kim, review of Democracy and Disagreement, p. 137.
Journal of Politics, November, 1999, Austin Sarat, review of Freedom of Association, p. 1212.
New Republic, October 26, 1987.
New York Review of Books, June 11, 1998, Robert Post, review of A Matter of Interpretation: Federal Courts and the Law, p. 57.
New York Times, Kate Zernike, "New President at Princeton Names Provost," p. A12.
Political Theory, April, 2002, Margaret Kohn, "Panacea or Privilege? New Approaches to Democracy and Association," pp. 289-298.
Publishers Weekly, August 27, 2001, review of Human Rights As Politics and Idolatry, p. 64.
Quarterly Review of Biology, June, 2001, David Fraser, review of The Lives of Animals, p. 215.
Radcliffe Quarterly, fall, 2001, Anne-Marie R. Seltzer, "Spotlight: Amy Gutmann."
Southern Economic Journal, October, 1999, Jeanne S. Ringel, review of Work and Welfare, p. 481.
Spectator, December 8, 2001, Caroline Moorehead, review of Human Rights As Politics and Idolatry, p. 52.
Times Literary Supplement, February 6, 1981; August 28, 1987; January 22, 1999, John Gray, review of Freedom of Association, p. 11; March 1, 2002, Saul Smilansky, review of Goodness and Advice, p. 28; May 10, 2002, Oliver Letwin, "But Who Are the Innocent?," p. 28.
Yale Journal of International Law, winter, 2002, Sanjukta Mitra Paul, review of Human Rights As Politics and Idolatry, pp. 230-233.
Amy Gutmann Homepage,http://www.princeton.edu/~agutmann/ (April 3, 2002).*