Schwencke, family of German musicians:
(1) Johann Gottlieb Schwencke, bassoonist and composer; b. Breitenau, Saxony, Aug. 11, 1744; d. Hamburg, Dec. 7, 1823. He was greatly esteemed as a bassoonist, serving as a town musician in Hamburg, where he was also active as a piano teacher.
(2) Christian Fredrich Gottlieb Schwencke, pianist and composer, son of the preceding; b. Wachenhausen, Harz, Aug. 30, 1767; d. Hamburg, Oct. 27, 1822. He began piano study as a child, performing one of his father’s piano concertos in Hamburg in 1779. He went to Berlin in 1782 to study with Marpurg and Kirnberger; after attending the Univs. of Leipzig and Halle (1787–88), he was in 1788 named C.P.E. Bach’s successor as Hamburg Stadtkantor, a position he retained until his death. Schwenke was also a contributor to the Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung (from 1799), ran his own music business (from 1801), and was director of a music academy for private performances (from 1805). He wrote incidental music, oratorios, cantatas, 2 piano concertos, an Oboe Concerto, 3 piano sonatas, 3 violin sonatas, 6 organ fugues, and songs. He also ed. rescored versions of Handel’s Messiah and Alexander’s Feast, Bach’s Mass in B minor and Magnificat, and Hasse’s Te Deutn. He had 2 sons who became musicians:
(3) Johann Friedrich Schwencke, organist, cellist, clarinetist, and composer; b. Hamburg, April 30, 1792; d. there, Sept. 28, 1852. He received instruction in theory and composition from his father, being made organist of Hamburg’s Nikolaikirche in 1829. He wrote numerous cantatas, over 500 chorale preludes and postludes for organ, and a Septet for 5 Cellos, Double Bass, and Kettledrums, and harmonized about 1,000 chorales and 73 Russian folk songs. He also publ. the popular Choralbuch zum Hamburgischen Gesangbuch (1832), made many transcriptions, and orchestrated Beethoven’s Adelaide and various works by other composers. His son, Friedrich Gottlieb Schwencke (b. Hamburg, Dec. 15, 1823; d. there, June 11, 1896), was a pianist, organist, and composer who studied with his father, whom he succeeded as organist at the Nikolaikirche in 1852; also made tours as a pianist and organist, including a successful visit to Paris (1855). He wrote 2 fantasies for Organ, Trumpet, Trombones, and Timpani, sacred songs for Women’s Voices and Organ, chorale preludes, and songs. He also brought out an augmented ed. of his father’s chorales (1886).
(4) Karl Schwencke, pianist and composer; b. Hamburg, March 7, 1797; d. probably in Nussdorf, near Vienna, Jan. 7, 1870. He traveled widely; in Vienna in 1824 he met Beethoven, who composed the canon Schwenke dich for him. His own works include a Sym. in D major (Paris, 1843), a Mass, a Violin Sonata, 3 sonatas for Piano Duet, and solo piano pieces.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Schwencke." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/schwencke
"Schwencke." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/schwencke
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.