Schweitzer, Anton, German composer; b. Coburg (baptized), June 6, 1735; d. Gotha, Nov. 23, 1787. He was a chorister, and later played viola in Hildburghausen. After study with J.F. Kleinknecht in Bayreuth, he returned to Hildburghausen as Kammermusicus, and following further training in Italy (1764–66), he returned once more to Hildburghausen as court Kapellmeister. In 1769 he became conductor of Seyler’s opera troupe, which was engaged by the Weimar court in 1771. He produced his successful Singspiel Die Dorfgala there (June 30, 1772), which was followed by the successful Alkeste (May 28, 1773), the first through-composed grand opera to a German libretto, the text being by C.M. Wieland. After fire destroyed the Weimar theater in 1774, he accompanied Seyler’s troupe to Gotha, where he subsequently was director of the ducal chapel from 1778 until his death. Among his other stage works were Rosamunde, Singspiel (Mannheim, Jan. 20, 1780), Die Wahl des Herkules, lyric drama (Weimar, Sept. 4, 1773), and the melodrama Pygmalion, after Rousseau (Weimar, May 13, 1772; not extant). He also wrote many ballets, syms., and piano pieces.
J. Maurer, A. S. als dramatischer Komponist (Leipzig, 1912).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Schweitzer, Anton." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/schweitzer-anton
"Schweitzer, Anton." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/schweitzer-anton
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.