Major (real name, Mayer), (Jakab) Gyula

views updated

Major (real name, Mayer), (Jakab) Gyula

Major (real name, Mayer), (Jakab) Gyula, Hungarian pianist, choral conductor, pedagogue, and composer, father of Ervin Major; b. Kassa, Dec. 13, 1858; d. Budapest, Jan. 30, 1925. After training at the Cons, in Buda, he was a pupil of Erkel and Liszt (piano) and Volkmann (composition) at the Academy of Music there (1877–81). He was active as a teacher in various music schools and teacher-training colleges. With Gyula Káldy and Sándor Nikolits, he founded the Hungarian Music School in Budapest in 1889. He was founder-conductor of the Hungarian Women’s Choral Soc. (1894–1904). He made some tours or Europe as a pianist. His music follows in the German Romantic tradition with some infusion of original Hungarian folk melos.


dramatic: Opera: Dalam(n.d.); Erzsike (Budapest, Sept. 24, 1901); Széchy Maria (Koloszvár, 1906); Mila (Pressburg, 1913). orch.: Overture (1881); 2 piano concertos (1882, n.d.); 6 syms.: No. 1 (1883–84), No. 2, Hungarian (n.d.), No. 3 (c. 1904), No. 4 (c. 1904), No. 5 for Soprano, Baritone, and Orch. (1910–12), and No. 6 (c. 1918; unfinished); Concert symphonique for 2 Pianos and Orch. (c. 1888); Violin Concerto (n.d.); Cello Concerto (n.d.); Drei Konzert fantasien for Piano and Orch. (n.d.); Suite Balaton (1906). chamber: 3 piano trios (1881–1907); 4 string quartets (1882–1905); 2 violin sonatas (1907, 1907).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire