Lockhart, James (Lawrence)
Lockhart, James (Lawrence)
Lockhart, James (Lawrence), Scottish conductor; b. Edinburgh, Oct. 16,1930. He studied at the Univ. of Edinburgh and at the Royal Coll. of Music in London. He served as apprentice conductor of the Yorkshire Sym. Orch. (1954–55), asst. conductor at Münster (1955–56), the Bavarian State Opera in Munich (1956–57), Glyndebourne (1957–59), and Covent Garden in London (1959–68). Intercalatorily, he was music director of the Opera Workshop of the Univ. of Tex. in Austin (1957–59), and conductor of the BBC Scottish Sym. Orch. in Glasgow (1960–61). From 1968 to 1973 he was music director of the Welsh National Opera in Cardiff; from 1972 to 1980 he served as Generalmusikdirektor of the State Theater in Kassel; from 1981 to 1991 he was Generalmusikdirektor of the Rheinische Phil, in Koblenz and at the Koblenz Opera. He was head of the opera school at the Royal Coll. of Music (1986–92) and director of opera at the London Royal Schools Vocal Faculty (1992–96).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Lockhart, James (Lawrence)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/lockhart-james-lawrence-0
"Lockhart, James (Lawrence)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/lockhart-james-lawrence-0
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.