Jurjäns, Andrejs, Latvian composer; b. Erlaa, Sept. 30, 1856; d. Zehsis, Sept. 28, 1922. He studied organ with L. Homilius, horn with F. Homilius, and composition with Rimsky-Korsakov at the St. Petersburg Cons. (1875–82). He was a prof, at the Kharkov Cons. (1882–1916). He was active as a folklorist and publ. Latvju tautas müzikas materiali (Materials of Latvian Folk Music; Riga, 1894-1926). He composed a symphonic poem, a Cello Concerto, cantatas, choral songs, and chamber music; also made orch. arrangements of Latvian folk melodies, which he employed in his original works.
O. Grâvitis, Jurgânu Andrejs (Riga, 1953).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire