Jacobi, Georg, German violinist, conductor, and composer; b. Berlin, Feb. 13, 1840; d. London, Sept. 13, 1906. He studied violin with Eduard and Leopold Ganz in Berlin, Bériot in Brussels (1849–52), and Massart at the Paris Cons. (1852); also composition there with Réber, Gevaert, and Chéri. After graduating with a premier prix in violin (1861), he played in the orchs. of the Opéra-Comique (1861–63) and the Opéra (1863–69). He then was conductor of the Bouffes-Parisiens (1869–71). He subsequently settled in London as conductor of the Alhambra Theatre (1871–98), and then conducted at the Crystal Palace and also taught at the Royal Coll. of Music (from 1896). He wrote a comic opera, The Black Crook, which attained temporary popularity, as well as 103 ballets and divertissements, two violin concertos, a Viola Concerto, violin pieces, and songs.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire