graphic scores

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graphic scores. Scores by 20th-cent. avant-garde composers which employ drawn visual analogues in order to convey the composer's intentions with regard to the required sounds and textures. Earliest example is thought to have been Feldman's Projections 1950–1. Some graphic scores indicate distinct mus. parameters, as in Feldman, Stockhausen, and Ligeti. Others deliberately omit any notational sign or mus. indication, seeking only to stimulate the performer's creativity. Examples by Bussotti and Earle Brown are often pictorially delightful if musically enigmatic. (See example from Logothetis's Agglomeration on page 302.)