Fox, Virgil (Keel)
Fox, Virgil (Keel)
Fox, Virgil (Keel), famous American organist; b. Princeton, 111., May 3, 1912; d. West Palm Beach, Fla., Oct. 25, 1980. He studied piano as a child, but soon turned to the organ as his favorite instrument. He played the organ at the First Presbyterian Church in his hometown at the age of 10, and gave his first public recital in Cincinnati at 14. He then enrolled in the Peabody Cons, of Music in Baltimore, graduating in 1932. To perfect his playing he went to Paris, where he took lessons with Duprée at St. Sulpice and Vierne at Notre Dame. He returned to the U.S. in 1938 and became head of the organ dept. at the Peabody Cons, of Music. From 1946 to 1965 he was organist at the Riverside Church in N.Y., where he played on a 5-manual, 10, 561-pipe organ specially designed for him. He then launched a remarkable career as an organ soloist. He was the first American to play at the Thomaskirche in Leipzig, and also played at Westminster Abbey in London. As a solo artist, he evolved an idiosyncratic type of performance in which he embellished Baroque music with Romantic extravaganza; he also took to apostrophizing his audiences in a whimsical mixture of lofty sentiment and disarming self-deprecation. This type of personalized art endeared him to the impatient, emancipated musical youth of America, and he became one of the few organists who could fill a concert hall. He also displayed a robust taste for modern music; he often played the ear- stopping, discordant arrangement of America by Charles Ives. Wracked by cancer, he gave his last concert in Dallas on Sept. 26, 1980.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Fox, Virgil (Keel)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fox-virgil-keel
"Fox, Virgil (Keel)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fox-virgil-keel
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.