Formichi, Cesare, Italian baritone; b. Rome, April 15, 1883; d. there, July 21, 1949. He studied in Rome. He made his debut at the Teatro Lirico in Milan in 1911; then sang at the Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires, in Madrid, in Barcelona, and at the Paris Opera; appeared with the Chicago Opera Co. (1922–32); sang at Covent Garden in London (1924). He was particularly effective in dramatic roles, such as Rigoletto, lago, and Scarpia.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire