Skip to main content

Formes Karl Johann

Formes Karl Johann

Formes, Karl Johann, German bass, brother of Theodor Formes ; b. Mulheim, Aug. 7, 1815; d. San Francisco, Dec. 15, 1889. He was a pupil of Basodowa in Vienna. After making his operatic debut as Sarastro in Cologne (Jan. 6, 1842), he sang in Mannheim before appearing in Vienna (1843–9). In 1849 he made his London debut at Drury Lane. On March 16, 1850, he made his first appearance at London’s Covent Garden as Caspar in Der Freischutz, returning there regularly until 1868. He also sang at London’s Royal Italian Opera (1852–57). In 1857 he made his N.Y. debut as Bertram in Robert le diable at the Academy of Music, where he sang for some 20 years. After his retirement, he settled in San Francisco as a voice teacher. He publ. a Method of Singing (3 vols., 1865; 2nd ed., 1885) and an autobiography, Aus meinem Kunst- und Buhnenleben: Erinnerungen des Bassisten (Cologne, 1888; Eng. tr., 1891, as My Memoirs). Among his best known roles were Leporello, Rocco, Nicolai’s Falstaff, and Flotow’s Plunkett.

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Formes Karl Johann." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Formes Karl Johann." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/formes-karl-johann

"Formes Karl Johann." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/formes-karl-johann

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.