Braud (Breaux), Wellman
Braud (Breaux), Wellman
Braud (Breaux), Wellman, jazz bassist; b. St. James Parish, La., Jan. 25, 1891; d. La., Oct. 27, 1966. A major force in the early Ellington band, he was one of those who brought, at Ellington’s instigation, a New Orleans influence into the music. He began playing violin at the age of seven, later played violin and bass in string trios in New Orleans, including residency at Tom Anderson’s Cabaret; he also learned to play the trombone. He moved to Chicago in 1917, toured with John H. Wickliffe’s Band, then joined the Original Creole Orch. at the Pekin Cafe, Chicago; played with this band at Dreamland and De Lure Cafe, then joined Charlie Elgar’s Orch. c. 1922. He traveled to London with the Plantation Orch. in March-May 1923, doubling string bass and trombone. He returned to N.Y., worked a spell with Wilbur Sweatman, then played for various revues, including 7–11 Burlesque Company (1926), and Vaughn’s Lucky Sambo (1926–27). He joined Duke Ellington in mid-1927 and remained until May 1935 (sharing bass duties with Billy Taylor for last few months). He left to organize a band with Jimmy Noone for residency at their own short-lived Vodvil Club on 132nd Street, N.Y., with Kaiser Marshall Band, then late in 1935 became player-manager of The Spirits of Rhythm. He formed his own trio in 1937, which he led for several years, combining this work with many other bands including: Hot Lips Page (1938), Edgar Hayes (1939), Sidney Bechet (1940–41), Al Sears (1943), Garvin Bushell (1944), etc. He subbed in Duke Ellington’s Orch. (summer 1944), then worked regularly in N.Y. with Garvin Bush-ell’s Band (1944). He left full-time music to manage a pool hall and meat-marketing business, but continued to do regular gigs, including week-end work with Bunk Johnson in N.Y. (November 1947). In early 1956 he returned to full-time music and joined Kid Ory (touring Europe with Ory later that year). During the 1960s he lived in Calif.; worked with Joe Darensbourg (1960). He suffered a mild heart attack in the summer of 1961, and celebrated his return to good health by sitting in with Duke Ellington in autumn 1961. He worked regularly accompanying folksinger Barbara Dane in San Francisco, with brief spells of semi-retirement. In the early autumn of 1966 he toured Ore. with pianist Kenny Woodson. Shortly afterward he suffered a fatal heart attack at his homein Los Angeles.
Duke Ellington: Saturday Night Function (1929); “Misty MorninVSaratoga Swing” (1929); Double Check Stomp (1930). S. Greer: Saturday Night Function (1929). J.R. Morton: “Sweet Substitute/Panama” (1940). Bechet-Spanier Big Four: “Sweet Lorraine/Lazy River” (1940). B. Johnson: Last Testament of a Great Jazzman (1947). K. Ory: The Legendary Kid.
—John Chilton, Who’s Who of Jazz/Lewis Porter
"Braud (Breaux), Wellman." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/braud-breaux-wellman
"Braud (Breaux), Wellman." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/braud-breaux-wellman
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.