Brattleboro (brăt´əlbûr´ə), town (1990 pop. 12,241), Windham co., SE Vt., on the Connecticut River; chartered 1753. It grew from Fort Dummer, established in 1724. Once an artists' colony, Brattleboro has become a sports center and resort town. There is light manufacturing. North of Brattleboro, in Dummerston, is "Naulakha," where Rudyard Kipling lived (1893–96).