Skip to main content

Blume, Friedrich

Blume, Friedrich

eminent German musicologist and editor; b. Schluchtern, Jan. 5, 1893; d. there, Nov. 22, 1975. He was the son of a Prussian government functionary. He first studied medicine in Eisenach; in 1911 he went to the Univ. of Munich, where he began musico-logical studies; then went to the univs. of Leipzig and Berlin. During World War I, he served in the German army; he was taken prisoner by the British and spent 3 years in a prison camp in England. In 1919 he resumed his studies at the Univ. of Leipzig, where he took his Ph.D. in 1921 with the diss. Studien zur Vorgeschichte der Orchestersuite im 15. und 16. Jahrhundert (publ. in Leipzig, 1925); in 1923 he became a lecturer in music at the Univ. of Berlin; in 1925 he completed his Habilitation there with Das monodische Prinzip in der protestant-ischen Kirchenmusik (publ. in Leipzig, 1925); was made Privatdozent there that same year; also lectured in music history at the Berlin-Spandau School of Church Music from 1928 to 1934. In 1934 he joined the faculty of the Univ. of Kiel, where he was prof. from 1938 until his retirement in 1958; was then made prof. emeritus. In 1952 he was made a corresponding member of the American Musicological Soc. Blume was an authority on Lutheran church music; his Die evangelische Kirchenmusik was publ. in Bucken’s Handbuch der Musikwissen-schafr, X (1931; 2nd ed., rev., as Geschichte der evangelis-chen Kirchenmusik, 1965; Eng. tr., 1974, as Protestant Church Music: A History). He prepared a collected edition of the works of M. Praetorius (21 vols., Berlin, 1928^41); was general ed. of Das Chorwerk, a valuable collection of early polyphonic music (1929–38); also ed. of Das Erbe deutscher Musik (1935–43). In 1943 he was entrusted with the preparation of the monumental encyclopedia Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart (14 vols., Kassel, 1949-68); following its publication, he undertook the further task of preparing an extensive supplement, which contained numerous additional articles and corrections; its publication was continued after his death by his daughter, Ruth Blume. He also wrote Wesen und Werden deutscher Musik (Kassel, 1944); Johann Sebastian Bach im Wandel der Geschichte (Kassel, 1947; Eng. tr., 1950, as Two Centuries of Bach); Goethe und die Musik (Kassel, 1948); Was ist Musik? (Kassel, 1959); Umrisse eines neuen Bach-Bildes (Kassel, 1962). His life’s work was a study in the practical application of his vast erudition and catholic interests in musicological scholarship.

Bibliography

A. Abert and W. Pfannkuch, eds., Festschrift F B. zum 70. Geburtstag (Kassel, 1963).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Blume, Friedrich." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Blume, Friedrich." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blume-friedrich-0

"Blume, Friedrich." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blume-friedrich-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.