Skip to main content

Sichelgaita of Salerno (1040–1090)

Sichelgaita of Salerno (1040–1090)

Duchess of Apulia. Born in 1040 in Salerno; died in 1090 in Normandy; daughter of the duke of Salerno; sister of Gisulf II, Lombard prince of Salerno; second wife of Robert Guiscard (d. 1085), a Frankish noble, duke of Apulia and Calabria, count of Sicily (r. 1057–1085); children: Roger Gorsa or Borsa, duke of Apulia and Calabria (r. 1085–1111); Helena (betrothed to Constantine, son of the emperor Michael VII); Matilda (who married Raymond Berengar II, count of Barcelona); Mabel (who married William of Grandmesnil); Emma (who married Odo, the marquis); and others.

Sichelgaita of Salerno was a princess of Lombardy and the hereditary duchess of Apulia in southern Italy. She was the second wife of the Frankish noble Robert Guiscard (his first wife was Aubrey of Buonalbergo ) and became his most valuable ally in the constant wars in which he engaged. She is described in chronicles, most notably those of Byzantium's Anna Comnena , as Amazonian, a tall woman, strong and muscular. Anna's chronicle tells of the Battle of Durazzo, in which Robert led an army of Normans against the Byzantines. Sichelgaita rode beside her warrior husband, dressed from head to toe in armor, urging on their troops. According to Anna, Sichelgaita even ordered some retreating Normans to return to the fight, chasing after them with a spear until she managed to herd them back into the battle. As they aged, Robert and Sichelgaita returned to Normandy and became actively involved in the politics of the Frankish kingdom.

sources:

LaBarge, Margaret. A Small Sound of the Trumpet: Women in Medieval Life. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.

Laura York , M.A. in History, University of California, Riverside, California

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Sichelgaita of Salerno (1040–1090)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Sichelgaita of Salerno (1040–1090)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sichelgaita-salerno-1040-1090

"Sichelgaita of Salerno (1040–1090)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sichelgaita-salerno-1040-1090

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.