Matilda of England (1156–1189)
Matilda of England (1156–1189)
Duchess of Bavaria and Saxony . Name variations: Matilda, duchess of Saxony. Born in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England, in June 1156; died in Brunswick, Germany, on June 28, 1189 (one source cites 1198); buried in Brunswick Cathedral, Lower Saxony, Germany; daughter of Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122–1202) and Henry II, king of England (r. 1154–1189); married Henry XII also known as Henry V the Lion (1129–1195), duke of Saxony and Bavaria (r. 1156–1195), on February 1, 1168; children: Henry Welf, count palatine of the Rhine; Otto IV of Brunswick (c. 1175–1218), earl of York, count of Ponthieu, duke of Bavaria, and Holy Roman emperor (r. 1198–1214); William of Winchester (1184–1213), duke of Brunswick-Luneburg.
Matilda of England was born in 1156, the daughter of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry II, king of England. She married Henry V the Lion, duke of Saxony and Bavaria, in 1168. In 1180, when her husband refused to submit to forfeiture of his lands to the emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, the town of Brunswick in Lower Saxony was besieged. Matilda appealed to the emperor's chivalry and the siege was ended, after which Matilda and Henry V sought refuge in England. In 1181, Henry V the Lion submitted to the forfeiture, returning to Brunswick in 1185. He was again exiled in 1189, the year Matilda of England died.
"Matilda of England (1156–1189)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/matilda-england-1156-1189
"Matilda of England (1156–1189)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/matilda-england-1156-1189
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.