Lower Saxony

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Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) Region of n Germany, formed in 1946 by the merging of the provinces of Hanover, Brunswick, Oldenberg, and Schaumberg–Lippe; the capital is Hanover. Agriculture focuses on cereal crops. Industries: machine construction, electrical engineering. Area: 47,606sq km (18,376sq mi). Pop. (1999) 7,898,760.