Otto IV (1174–1218) ( Otto of Brunswick) Holy Roman Emperor (1198–1215). A member of the Guelph family, Otto antagonized the powerful Pope Innocent III by his invasion of Italy against the Hohenstaufen King Frederick I (later Emperor Frederick II). With Innocent's support, Frederick was elected king (1212) by the German princes, and supported by Philip II of France. Philip defeated Otto at Bouvines in 1214, forcing Otto to retire.
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Holy Roman Emperors , Holy Roman Emperors ( (table)) Hohenstaufen dynasty and rivals Frederick I, 1152–90 Philip of Swabia, 1198–1208 Frederick II, 1212–50 (king, 1212–20;… Hohenstaufen , Hohenstaufen (hō´ənshtou´fən), German princely family, whose name is derived from the castle of Staufen built in 1077 by a Swabian count, Frederick.… Otto I , Otto I (the Great) (912–73) King of the Germans (936–73) and Holy Roman Emperor (962–73). Otto succeeded his father, Henry I, in Germany and defeated… Philip I (spain) , Philip I (Philip the Handsome), 1478–1506, Spanish king of Castile (1506), archduke of Austria, titular duke of Burgundy, son of Holy Roman Emperor M… Frederick Ii (holy Roman Empire) , Frederick II (Holy Roman emperor and German king) Frederick II, 1194–1250, Holy Roman emperor (1220–50) and German king (1212–20), king of Sicily (11… Hapsburg , Hapsburg Hapsburg or Habsburg (both: hăps´bûrg, Ger. häps´bŏŏrk), ruling house of Austria (1282–1918). Rise to Power The family, which can be traced…
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