Skip to main content

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818)

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818)

Queen consort of England. Name variations: Charlotte Sophia or Charlotte-Sophia. Born a princess on May 19, 1744, in Mirow, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany; died on November 17, 1818, in Kew Palace, Surrey; interred at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle; daughter of Charles Louise Frederick (b. 1708), duke of Mecklen-burg-Strelitz and Elizabeth of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1713–1761); married George III (1738–1820), king

of England (r. 1761–1820), on September 8, 1761; children: George IV (1762–1830), prince of Wales and king of England (r. 1820–1830); Frederick Augustus (1763–1827), duke of York; William IV (1765–1837), duke of Clarence; Charlotte Augusta Matilda (1766–1828); Edward Augustus (1767–1820), duke of Kent; Augusta Guelph (1768–1840); Elizabeth (1770–1840); Ernest Augustus (1771–1851), duke of Cumberland; Augustus Frederick (1773–1843), duke of Sussex; Adolphus Frederick (1774–1850), duke of Cambridge; Mary (1776–1857), duchess of Gloucester; Sophia Matilda (1777–1848); Octavius (1779–1783); Alfred (1780–1782); Amelia (1783–1810).

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a shy, plain queen who spoke English haltingly but for some reason "suited George." Eighteen when she married George III, king of England, she and her husband settled down to quiet living. "Life at Charlotte's court," writes Norah Lofts , "even when she was not pregnant—she had fifteen children—sounds stultifyingly dull." But the queen was terrified by the king's illness—then thought mental, now thought physical in nature—which began in 1804. As a result of his violent episodes, Charlotte refused to be alone with him. She died in 1818.


Lofts, Norah. Queens of England. NY: Doubleday, 1977.

related media:

The Madness of King George, (110 min. film), starring Nigel Hawthorne as George and Helen Mirren as Charlotte, Channel Four Films, 1994.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . 20 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . (February 20, 2019).

"Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.