Catherine of Bologna (1413–1463)
Catherine of Bologna (1413–1463)
Italian saint and artist. Name variations: Caterina da Vigri; Caterina de' Vigri; Caterina dei Vigri. Born on September 8, 1413, in Bologna, Italy; died at Bologna on March 9, 1463; never married; no children.
A revered holy woman, Catherine of Bologna was recognized as much for her relationship to God as for her artistic works. Details of her early life are unknown. She entered a convent of Poor Clares (Franciscan nuns) in Bologna and eventually her education and piety led her to become its abbess. Acting as the convent's administrative and spiritual director, she was also an instructor of novices.
Catherine's primary expressions of faith were revealed through her art. She painted miniatures on manuscripts produced in the convent scriptorium and worked as a calligrapher. The abbess, who earned a widespread reputation for her great learning and intelligence, also showed talent in the field of music; she wrote numerous songs for the nuns to sing during services and played several instruments herself. In her later life, Catherine began receiving visions, descriptions of which were published for the spiritual benefit of others. Catherine was extraordinarily popular. Soon after she died in 1463, at age 50, her followers pressed for sainthood, leading to her canonization in 1492.
Laura York , Riverside, California
"Catherine of Bologna (1413–1463)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 15, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/catherine-bologna-1413-1463
"Catherine of Bologna (1413–1463)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 15, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/catherine-bologna-1413-1463
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.