views updated

Catherine of Aragon (1485–1536)

Queen of England. Name variations: Katherine or Catharine; (Spanish) Catalina. Born Dec 16, 1485, in Spain; died of cancer, Jan 7, 1536, in Kimbolton, England; dau. of Isabella I (1451–1504), queen of Castile, and Ferdinand II, king of Aragon (r. 1479–1516); sister of Juana la Loca (1479–1555); m. Arthur, prince of Wales, 1501 (died 1502); became 1st wife of Henry VIII (1491–1547), king of England (r. 1509–1547), 1509; children: Mary I (1516–1558, queen of England); and a number who were stillborn.

Spanish princess, renowned for her piety, dignity, and strength of character, who was queen of England and wife of Henry VIII for 24 years; was educated at Spanish royal court; betrothed to Henry VIII's older brother Arthur, prince of Wales (1489); married him (1501); a widow after only 5 months of marriage (1502), lived in seclusion and poverty for the following 8 years; married Henry VIII (1509); acted as his regent (1513) and governed the country well in his absence; was a popular queen, well known for her religious piety as well as her patronage of scholars; when Henry became convinced that she was unable to provide him with a son and decided to have the marriage dissolved (1525), confronted him in court and appealed divorce proceedings to Rome (1529); banished from court (1531); was divorced from Henry VIII by Archbishop Cranmer (1533).

See also Women in World History.

Catherine of Aragon (1485–1536)

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article

NEARBY TERMS

Catherine of Aragon (1485–1536)