Chauvet, Marie (1916–1973)

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Chauvet, Marie (1916–1973)

Haitian novelist and playwright. Name variations: Marie Vieux. Born Marie Vieux in 1916 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti; died 1973 in Bronxville, NY; dau. of a Haitian father and West Indian mother from the Virgin Islands; m. Aymon Charlier (physician, div.); m. Pierre Chauvet.

One of Haiti's best-known novelists, whose works often depict harsh socio-political conditions there, was exiled to France after criticizing the Duvalier regime; eventually settled in New York; writings include Fille d'Haïti (1954), La Danse sur le volcan (1957), Fonds des Nègres (1961), Amour (1968) and Les Rapaces (1986). Won Henri Deschamps Prize (1986).