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Chávez Morado, José (1909–2002)

Chávez Morado, José (1909–2002)

José Chávez Morado was a Mexican painter and educator. Born in Siloa, Guanajuato, Mexico, on 4 January 1909, Chávez Morado belongs to the second generation of Mexican mural painters. He studied engraving and lithography at San Carlos Academy in Mexico City. In 1937, together with Felic-iano Peña, Francisco Gutiérrez, and Olga Costa, he painted the murals of the Escuela Normal. In one year alone (1948) he painted over fifteen public buildings, using various techniques. Later he painted frescoes at the Alhóndiga de Granaditas and the Exhacienda Minera (now called Pastita) in Guanajuato. He served as vice president of the Latin American section of the Worldwide Artists' Council of UNESCO. In 1974 he won the National Prize of Sciences and Arts in Mexico. In 1985 the Academy of Arts of Mexico appointed him a member, and the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) awarded him an honorary doctorate. He exhibited his easel paintings in important galleries and museums throughout Latin America, Europe, Asia, and the United States. He died in Guanajuato on 2 December 2002.

See alsoArt: The Twentieth Century .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Martínez, Jesús. "José Chavéz Morado, creador de espacios para el arte." Plural 23 (November 1994): 40-47.

Santiago, José de. José Chávez Morado: Vida, obra, y circunstancias. Mexico: Ediciones La Rana, 2001.

Tibol, Raquel. José Chávez Morado: Imágenes de identidad mexicana. Mexico: Coordinación de Humani-dades, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1980.

                                BÉlgica RodrÍguez

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