Skip to main content

Chawla, Kalpana (1961–2003)

Chawla, Kalpana (1961–2003)

India-born astronaut. Name variations: KC. Born July 1, 1961, in Karnal, Haryana, India; died Feb 1, 2003, when the space shuttle Columbia disintegrated over the southern US; graduated from Tagore School (1976); Punjab Engineering College, India, BS in aeronautical engineering (1982); University of Texas at Arlington, MS in aerospace engineering (1984); University of Colorado, PhD in aerospace engineering (1988); became a US citizen; m. Jean-Pierre Harrison (flying instructor), 1984.

Selected for space program (1994); made maiden shuttle flight STS-87 Columbia as mission specialist and prime robotic arm operator (Nov 19-Dec 5, 1997); member of the flight crew of the STS-107 Columbia (Jan 16-Feb 1, 2003) who successfully conducted 80 experiments before the mission ended abruptly on reentry, 16 minutes prior to scheduled landing. Held a Certified Flight Instructor's license with airplane and glider ratings and Commercial Pilot's licenses for single- and multi-engine land and seaplanes, and Gliders, and instrument rating for airplanes.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Chawla, Kalpana (1961–2003)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Chawla, Kalpana (1961–2003)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chawla-kalpana-1961-2003

"Chawla, Kalpana (1961–2003)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved September 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chawla-kalpana-1961-2003

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.