Chavara, Kuriakose (Cyriac) Elias, Bl.
CHAVARA, KURIAKOSE (CYRIAC) ELIAS, BL.
Priest, cofounder of the Syro-Malabar carmelites of mary immaculate and the Congregation of the Mother of Carmel (see carmelite sisters congregation of the mother of carmel), and a pioneer figure in the Catholic Press in India; b. Kainakary, Kerala (Malabar), India, Feb. 10, 1805; d. Changanacherry, Koonammavu, Kerala, India, Jan. 3, 1871. Ordained in 1829, Chavara founded an institute that was canonically erected as a Carmelite congregation in 1855, when he was confirmed as its superior. He was appointed vicar-general of the Vicariate Apostolic of Verapoly in 1861. Two printing presses, set up by early Portuguese missionaries to Kerala in South India, had disappeared, and in 1844 Chavara was determined to reactivate this apostolate. He designed his own press and used type made by a local blacksmith, and a few years later he was able to send to the Congregation of the propagation of the faith in Rome copies of ten devotional and catechetical books that he had published. He also edited the liturgical books of the Syro-Malabar Church. In 1887, his press first issued Deepika, now the oldest daily paper in Malayalam, and in 1902, the Flower of Carmel, the most widely circulated Catholic magazine in Kerala. In 1963, the Syro-Malabar Church in Kerala maintained approximately 20 publishing establishments, issuing four Catholic dailies, 12 weeklies or monthlies, and a large volume of other Catholic literature.
Chavara died after a long illness. In 1889, his body was transferred to Mannanam. The diocesan process for Chavara's beatification was inaugurated by the archbishop of Changanacherry on Jan. 3, 1958, and he was beatified by John Paul II Feb. 8, 1986, in Kerala together with Blessed Alphonsa muttathupandatu.
Feast: Jan. 3 (Carmelites).
Bibliography: Chavara carama'sathabdi, ed. h. perumalil (Alleppey 1971). Acta Apostolicae Sedis 78 (1986): 1076–1078. L'Osservatore Romano, English edition, no. 7 (1986): 6–7. w. herbstrith, Begegnung mit Indien und einem seiner grossen christlichen Pioniere Kuriackos Elias Chavara (Trier 1969). j. kanjiramattathil, The Pastoral Vision of Kuriakos Elias Chavara (Bangalore, India 1986). k. mathothu, Blessed Father Kuriakose Elias Chavara (Palai, India 1988).
k. i. rabenstein]
"Chavara, Kuriakose (Cyriac) Elias, Bl.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chavara-kuriakose-cyriac-elias-bl
"Chavara, Kuriakose (Cyriac) Elias, Bl.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chavara-kuriakose-cyriac-elias-bl
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.