Skip to main content

Chausson, (Amédée-) Ernest

Chausson, (Amédée-) Ernest

Chausson, (Amédée-) Ernest, distinguished French composer; b. Paris, Jan. 20, 1855; d.in a bicycle accident in Limay, near Mantes, June 10, 1899. He studied with Massenet at the Paris Cons., then took private lessons with Franck, and began to compose. The influence of Wagner as well as that of Franck determined the harmonic and melodic elements in Chausson’s music. Despite these derivations, however, he succeeded in establishing an individual style, tense in its chromaticism and somewhat flamboyant in its melodic expansion. The French character of his music is unmistakable in the elegance and clarity of its structural plan. He was active in musical society in Paris and was secretary of the Société Nationale de Musique from 1889 until his death. He composed relatively little music; possessing private means, he was not compelled to seek employment as a professional musician.

Works

DRAMATIC : Opera: Les Caprices de Marianne (1882–84); Hélène (1883–84); Le Roi Arthus (1886-95; Brussels, Nov. 30, 1903). incidental music: To Shakespeare’s The Tempest (Paris, Dec. 1888), Aristophanes’s The Birds (1889), and Boucher’s La Legende de Sainte Cecile (1891; Paris, Jan. 25, 1892). orch.: Viviane, symphonic poem (1882; rev. 1887); Solitude dans les bois, symphonic poem (1886; not extant); Sym. in B-flat major (1889-90; Paris, April 18, 1898); Poéme for Violin and Orch. (1896; Paris, April 4, 1897); Soir de fete, symphonic poem (1897–98). chamber: Piano Trio (1881); Andante and Allegro for Clarinet and Piano (1881); Concert for Piano, Violin, and String Quartet (1889–91); Piano Quartet (1897); Piéce for Cello or Viola and Piano (1897); String Quartet (1897-99; unfinished; completed by DTndy); piano pieces. vocal: Jeanne d’arc, scene lyrique for Solo Voices, Women’s Voices, and Piano (c. 1880); Hymne á la nature for 4 Voices and Orch. (1881); L’arabe, cantata for Tenor, Men’s Voices, and Orch. (1881); Hymne védique for 4 Voices and Orch. (1886); Poeme de I’amour et de la mer for Solo Voice and Orch. (1882-90; rev. 1893); Ballata for 4 Voices (1896–97); Chanson perpetuelle for Soprano and Orch. (1898); songs for Solo Voice and Piano; sacred works, including 8 motets (1883–88) and a Tantum ergo (1891).

Bibliography

H. Oulmont, Musique de l’amour: E. C. et la “bande à Franck” (Paris, 1935); J.-P. Barricelli and L. Weinstein, E. C. (Norman, Okla., 1955); J. Gallois, E. C: L’Homme et son oeuvre (Paris, 1967; rev. éd., 1994); R. Grover, £. G: The Man and His Music (London, 1980).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Chausson, (Amédée-) Ernest." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Chausson, (Amédée-) Ernest." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chausson-amedee-ernest-0

"Chausson, (Amédée-) Ernest." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved September 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chausson-amedee-ernest-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.