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French, Emily S. (1830-1912)

French, Emily S. (1830-1912)

Direct voice medium of Buffalo, New York, and a relative of President Grover Cleveland. French was investigated for 20 years by Edward C. Randall of Buffalo. Isaac Funk and James H. Hyslop also conducted remarkable experiments to prove that the voices did not originate in the vocal organs of the medium.

Her Indian control "Red Jacket" had an exceedingly loud, masculine voice that would have easily filled a hall with a seating capacity of 2000 people. The medium at that time was a frail old woman with a weak heart and was deaf, yet the sitters could hear every remark of the communicators.

For 22 years French assisted Randall's " rescue circle, " where "earthbound spirits" were helped. She gave her mediumistic services without charge. Randall's book The Dead Have Never Died (1917) describes their work and contains biographical information. French died July 24, 1912.


Funk, Isaac. The Psychic Riddle. London/New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1907.

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