Pedaliaceae (sesames) A family of annual or perennial herbs and some shrubs, which have opposite, simple or lobed leaves, without stipules but often with glandular hairs. The flowers are either solitary, or in small, axillary cymes, usually 3-flowered. They are irregular and bisexual, with a united calyx and a tubular corolla, each composed of 5 parts. The 4 stamens are paired, and attached to the petals. The ovary is superior, with 2 fused carpels and a long style with 2 stigmas. There are 2–4 locules, with several ovules. The fruit is a nut or capsule, often hooked on the surface. The seeds contain little endosperm. Some species of the genus Sesamum provide edible seeds and oil (sesame). S. indicum is widely cultivated in India for its seeds. There are 18 genera, with 95 species, found in arid and saline habitats, especially coasts. In Africa. Madagascar, southern India, the Malay archipelago, and Australia.
More From encyclopedia.com
Nicotiana , Nicotiana (tobacco; family Solanaceae) A genus of annual and perennial herbs whose leaves are of varying shape, without stipules. The flowers are reg… Arrowgrass , The arrowgrass family (Juncaginaceae) is a family of herbaceous plants whose grasslike leaves are shaped somewhat like an arrowhead. The arrowgrass f… lauraceae , Lauraceae A family of trees and shrubs (but Cassytha is a twining parasite) that have evergreen, alternate or rarely opposite, simple leaves without… Rutaceae , Rutaceae A family of aromatic trees and shrubs which are sometimes thorny. The leaves are mostly compound, dotted with glands, aromatic when crushed,… Pittosporum , Skip to main content Pittosporum Pittosporum (parchment bark, Australian laurel; family Pittosporaceae) A genus of evergreen shrubs and small trees t… Oleaceae , Olive Family (Oleaceae) Olive Family (Oleaceae) The olive family is a family of flowering plants known to botanists as the Oleaceae. The Oleaceae hav…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like