su·pe·ri·or / səˈpi(ə)rēər/ • adj. 1. higher in rank, status, or quality: a superior officer it is superior to every other car on the road. ∎ of high standard or quality: superior malt whiskeys. ∎ greater in size or power: deploying superior force. ∎ (superior to) above yielding to or being influenced by: I felt superior to any accusation of anti-Semitism. ∎ having or showing an overly high opinion of oneself; supercilious: that girl was frightfully superior. 2. chiefly Anat. further above or out; higher in position. ∎ (of a letter, figure, or symbol) written or printed above the line. ∎ Astron. (of a planet) having an orbit further from the sun than the earth's. ∎ Bot. (of the ovary of a flower) situated above the sepals and petals.• n. 1. a person or thing superior to another in rank, status, or quality, esp. a colleague in a higher position: obeying their superiors' orders. ∎ the head of a monastery or other religious institution. 2. Printing a superior letter, figure, or symbol.DERIVATIVES: su·pe·ri·or·ly adv. (usu. in sense 2 of the adjective ).
One who has a right to give orders; belonging to a higher grade.
A superior is someone or something entitled to command, influence, or control. In the judicial system, a superior court has general or extensive jurisdiction, as opposed to an inferior court. A superior court bears a different meaning in different states. In some states, it is a tribunal of intermediate jurisdiction between the trial courts and the chief appellate court; in other states, however, it is the name given to trial courts.
In the law of negligence, a superior force is an uncontrollable and irresistible force that produces results that could not be avoided.
In real property, a holder of a superior estate has an easement, or a nonpossessory interest in land, in an inferior estate.