su·pe·ri·or / səˈpi(ə)rēər/ • adj. 1. higher in rank, status, or quality: a superior officer it is superior to every other car on the road. ∎ of high standard or quality: superior malt whiskeys. ∎ greater in size or power: deploying superior force. ∎ (superior to) above yielding to or being influenced by: I felt superior to any accusation of anti-Semitism. ∎ having or showing an overly high opinion of oneself; supercilious: that girl was frightfully superior. 2. chiefly Anat. further above or out; higher in position. ∎ (of a letter, figure, or symbol) written or printed above the line. ∎ Astron. (of a planet) having an orbit further from the sun than the earth's. ∎ Bot. (of the ovary of a flower) situated above the sepals and petals. • n. 1. a person or thing superior to another in rank, status, or quality, esp. a colleague in a higher position: obeying their superiors' orders. ∎ the head of a monastery or other religious institution. 2. Printing a superior letter, figure, or symbol. DERIVATIVES: su·pe·ri·or·ly adv. (usu. in sense 2 of the adjective ).
One who has a right to give orders; belonging to a higher grade.
A superior is someone or something entitled to command, influence, or control. In the judicial system, a superior court has general or extensive jurisdiction, as opposed to an inferior court. A superior court bears a different meaning in different states. In some states, it is a tribunal of intermediate jurisdiction between the trial courts and the chief appellate court; in other states, however, it is the name given to trial courts.
In the law of negligence, a superior force is an uncontrollable and irresistible force that produces results that could not be avoided.
In real property, a holder of a superior estate has an easement, or a nonpossessory interest in land, in an inferior estate.
Superior, city (1990 pop. 27,134), seat of Douglas co., NW Wis., on Superior Bay of Lake Superior, at the mouths of the St. Louis and the Nemadji rivers; inc. 1883. It is a port of entry with many rail lines. The natural harbor, shared with Duluth, Minn., has some of the nation's largest coal and ore docks; copper, limestone, and grain are also shipped. Superior has shipyards, flour milling, an oil refinery, and wood and machinery manufacture. Tourists are attracted to the surrounding scenic features. The area was visited by the French explorers Radisson (1661) and Duluth (1679). The city grew after iron ore was discovered (1880s) in the Gogebic range. The Univ. of Wisconsin at Superior is there.