Skip to main content

Laniidae

Laniidae (shrikes; class Aves, order Passeriformes) A family of mainly black, grey, or brown and white birds which have a strong, hooked bill, well-developed rictal bristles, strong legs, and a long, narrow tail. They inhabit open areas and woodland edges, and feed on insects, reptiles, mammals, and birds, many species impaling their prey on thorns. Bushshrikes (six Tchagra species) of Africa often hunt on the ground by running. Lanius species (of which there are 65) feed from exposed perches, sometimes hovering to drop on their prey. Shrikes nest in bushes and trees. There are 12–13 genera, with 78–82 species, many migratory, found in Europe, Asia, Africa, and N. America. The helmet-shrikes are often placed in a separate family, Prionopidae.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Laniidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Laniidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/laniidae

"Laniidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved December 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/laniidae

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.