re·view / riˈvyoō/ • n. 1. a formal assessment or examination of something with the possibility or intention of instituting change if necessary: a comprehensive review of defense policy | all areas of the company will come under review. ∎ a critical appraisal of a book, play, movie, exhibition, etc., published in a newspaper or magazine. ∎ [often in names] a periodical publication with critical articles on current events, the arts, etc. ∎ Law a reconsideration of a judgment, sentence, etc., by a higher court or authority: a review of her sentence | his case comes up for review in January. Compare with judicial review. ∎ a retrospective survey or report on past events: the CEO's end-of-year review. ∎ a survey or evaluation of a particular subject: a review of recent developments in multicultural education. 2. a ceremonial display and formal inspection of military or naval forces, typically by a sovereign, commander in chief, or high-ranking visitor. • v. [tr.] 1. examine or assess (something) formally with the possibility or intention of instituting change if necessary: the company's safety procedures are being reviewed. ∎ write a critical appraisal of (a book, play, movie, etc.) for publication in a newspaper or magazine: I reviewed his first novel. ∎ Law submit (a sentence, case, etc.) for reconsideration by a higher court or authority: the attorney general asked the court to review the sentence. ∎ make a retrospective assessment or survey of (past events): ministers will meet to review progress on conventional arms negotiations in March. ∎ survey or evaluate (a particular subject): in the next chapter we review a number of recent empirical studies. 2. (of a sovereign, commander in chief, or high-ranking visitor) make a ceremonial and formal inspection of (military or naval forces). 3. view or inspect visually for a second time or again: all slides were then reviewed by one pathologist. DERIVATIVES: re·view·a·ble adj. re·view·al / -ˈvyoōəl/ n. ORIGIN: late Middle English (as a noun denoting a formal inspection of military or naval forces): from obsolete French reveue, from revoir ‘see again.’
Reviews can be conducted at most life-cycle phases and at different levels of detail, hence for example:
user requirements specification review
software requirements specification
system design review
module design review
module coding review
module test procedure review
integration test plan review
acceptance test review
Informal reviews are usually conducted on the documented output of an individual by fellow (technical) members of the project team. For example, in a module design review the module author will guide the reviewers through the design, and differences between the module specification and the design will be recorded for later analysis and reworking of the design. Project verification and validation plans, together with the quality plan, will give guidance on procedure, and acceptance levels for unresolved differences.
Formal technical reviews may be conducted by project staff, by independent reviewers from other projects, or by independent third parties. They are usually planned as milestones in verification and validation activities.
Management reviews are usually more concerned with progress monitoring, risk assessment, plans, and scheduling.
So or hence vb. †inspect again; revise, survey XVI; etc.; after F. revoir.
a formal inspection of military men or naval forces, 1585; hence, the men who are reviewed, collectively —Wilkes.
Examples : review of cavalry, 1683; of the Fleet; of ships; a naval review, 1878.
To reexamine judicially or administratively; a judicial reconsideration for purposes of correction, for example, the examination of a case by an appellate court.
A bill of review is a proceeding in equity instituted for the purpose of reversing or correcting the prior judgment of the trial court after the judgment has become final.