1.. backwards from a point reached or to the starting-point, e.g. recēdere RECEDE, revocāre REVOKE; passing sometimes into ‘away’, e.g. removēre REMOVE;
2.. back to an earlier state or over to another condition, e.g. renovāre RENOVATE, resūmere RESUME;
3.. back in a place, from going forward, e.g. residēre RESIDE, retinēre RETAIN;
4.. again, in return, (the most frequent use in new formations);
5.. in a contrary direction, so that what has been done is annulled or destroyed ( = UN-2), e.g. renuntiāre RENOUNCE, revēlāre unveil, REVEAL1;
6.. in opposition or conflict, e.g. rebellis REBEL, recrīminārī RECRIMINATE;
7.. in response to a stimulus, with intensive force, e.g. requīrere REQUIRE, resolvere RESOLVE
Words containing the prefix occur as early as c.1200 and become more frequent in XIV; it became an Eng. pref. in XVI, formations on native words being modelled to some extent on foreign comps., as recall on L. revocāre, recast after F. refondre. There are double forms with different meanings (with or without hyphen) arising from the coining of new formations from els. identical with those of already existing ones, e.g. re-cover (cover again) beside RECOVER.
"re-." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/re-7
"re-." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved May 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/re-7
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.