close1 / klōs/ • adj. 1. a short distance away or apart in space or time: the hotel is close to the sea. ∎ with very little or no space in between; dense: cloth with a closer weave. ∎ (close to) very near to (being or doing something): she was close to tears. ∎ (of a competitive situation) won or likely to be won by only a small amount or distance. ∎ (of a final position in a competition) very near to the competitor immediately in front: she finished a close second. ∎ narrowly enclosed: animals in close confinement. ∎ (of hair or grass) very short or near the surface: the ground will need to be level enough to allow close mowing. ∎ Phonet. another term for high (sense 7). 2. denoting a family member who is part of a person's immediate family, typically a parent or sibling. ∎ (of a person or relationship) on very affectionate or intimate terms. ∎ (of a connection or resemblance) strong: the college has close links with many other institutions. 3. (of observation, examination, etc.) done in a careful and thorough way: pay close attention to what your body is telling you about yourself. ∎ carefully guarded: his whereabouts are a close secret. ∎ not willing to give away money or information; secretive. ∎ following faithfully an original or model: the debate about close or free translation. 4. uncomfortably humid or airless. • adv. in a position so as to be very near to someone or something; with very little space between: they stood close to the door he was holding her close.PHRASES: close by very near; nearby: her father lives quite close by.close to (or close on) (of an amount) almost; very nearly.close to the bonesee bone.close to one's heartsee heart.close to homesee home.close up very near: close up she was no less pretty.close to the wind Sailing (of a sailing vessel) pointed as near as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing while still making headway.come close almost achieve or do: he came close to calling the President a liar.too close for comfort dangerously or uncomfortably near: the friendly stranger who suddenly comes too close for comfort.DERIVATIVES: close·ly adv.close·ness n.clos·ish adj.close2 / klōz/ • v. 1. move or cause to move so as to cover an opening: [intr.] she jumped into the train just as the doors were closing | [tr.] they had to close the window because of the insects. ∎ [tr.] block up (a hole or opening): glass doors close off the living room from the hall. ∎ [tr.] bring two parts of (something) together so as to block its opening or bring it into a folded state: Ron closed the book. ∎ [intr.] gradually get nearer to someone or something: a large group of aircraft about 130 miles away and closing fast. ∎ [intr.] (close around/over) come into contact with (something) so as to encircle and hold it: my fist closed around the weapon. ∎ [tr.] make (an electric circuit) continuous: this will cause a relay to operate and close the circuit. 2. bring or come to an end: [tr.] the members were thanked for attending, and the meeting was closed | [intr.] the concert closed with “Silent Night.” ∎ [intr.] (of a business, organization, or institution) cease to be in operation or accessible to the public, either permanently or at the end of a working day or other period of time: the factory is to close | [tr.] the country has been closed to outsiders for almost 50 years. ∎ [intr.] finish speaking or writing: we close with a point about truth. ∎ [tr.] bring (a business transaction) to a satisfactory conclusion: he closed a deal with a metal dealer. ∎ [tr.] remove all the funds from (a bank account) and cease to use it. ∎ [tr.] Comput. make (a data file) inaccessible after use, so that it is securely stored until required again.• n. [in sing.] 1. the end of an event or of a period of time or activity: the afternoon drew to a close. ∎ (the close) the end of a day's trading on a stock market: at the close the Dow Jones average was down 13.52 points. ∎ Mus. the conclusion of a phrase; a cadence. 2. the shutting of something, esp. a door. PHRASES: close the door on (or to) see door.close one's eyes tosee eye.close one's mind tosee mind.close rankssee rank1 .close up shopsee shop.PHRASAL VERBS: close something down (or close down) cause to cease or cease business or operation, esp. permanently. close in (on) come nearer to someone being pursued: the police were closing in on them. ∎ gradually surround, esp. with the effect of hindering movement or vision: the weather has now closed in, so an attempt on the summit is unlikely.close something up (or close up) 1. cause to cease or cease operation or being used: the broker advised me to close the house up for the time being. 2. (close up) (of an opening) grow smaller or become blocked by something: she felt her throat close up.DERIVATIVES: clos·a·ble adj.clos·er n.
close season a period between specified dates when fishing or the killing of particular game is officially forbidden.
A parcel of land that is surrounded by a boundary of some kind, such as a hedge or a fence. To culminate, complete, finish, or bring to an end. To seal up. To restrict to a certain class. A narrow margin, as in a close election.
A person can close a bank account; a trial may be closed after each lawyer has concluded his or her presentation in the case at bar.
So close vb. stop an opening. XIII. f. clos-, ppl. stem of (O)F. clore :- L. claudere.