WEIL, GOTTHOLD (1882–1960), Orientalist. Born in Berlin, Weil began his academic career at the Berlin State Library in 1906, and in 1918 became director of its Oriental department, which he had founded. Teaching post-biblical Jewish history and literature at Berlin University from 1912, he was appointed professor in 1920. In 1931 he was appointed professor of Semitic languages at the University of Frankfurt, in succession to Josef *Horovitz. Weil was dismissed by the Nazis with the rest of his Jewish colleagues in 1934. From 1935 to 1946 he was head of the National and University Library in Jerusalem and also held the chair of Turkish studies at The Hebrew University (to 1952).
Weil's main field was Arabic studies, but he had wider Jewish interests as well and was on the board of various Jewish cultural institutions in Germany, and a governor of The Hebrew University. World War i directed his interest to Turkish studies. Tatar prisoners of war gave him the opportunity to conduct linguistic research, and he also published a Grammatik der osmanischtuerkischen Sprache (1917). His work in the field of Arab philology was concerned in the main with the history of Arab grammar (Abul Barakat ibn al-Anbari, Die grammatischen Streitfragen der Basrer und Kufer, 1913), and he also wrote about Arabic prosology (Grundriss und System der altarabischen Metren, 1958). In 1953 he published Maimonides Responsum ueber die Lebensdauer (text with German translation). On the occasion of his 70th birthday a Festschrift was issued by the Institute for Oriental Studies of The Hebrew University.
Gotthold E. Weil Jubilee Volume on the Occasion of his Seventieth Birthday (Articles in Hebrew with summaries in Eng., 1952); D. Goldschmidt, in: Yad la-Koré, 6 (1961), 172–3. add. bibliography: J.M. Landau, "Gotthold Eljakim Weil," in: Die Welt des Islams, 38/3 (1998), 278–85.
"Weil, Gotthold." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/weil-gotthold
"Weil, Gotthold." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved March 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/weil-gotthold
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.