Skip to main content



VIZHNITZ , ḥasidic dynasty, founded by menahem mendel ben Ḥayyim hager (1830–1884). After the death of his father, the ẓaddik of Kosov (1854), Menahem Mendel began to lead the community of Vizhnitz (Vizhnitsa) where he also served as av bet din. He became famous as a miracle worker and a distributor of amulets. He headed *Kolel Vizhnitz and Maramuresh, a fund for the poor in Ereẓ Israel. He also attempted to settle the dispute between R. Ḥayyim *Halberstam of Zanz (Sandz) and the sons of R. Israel of *Ruzhin. His book Ẓemaḥ Ẓaddik (1885) was written in the spirit of ḥasidic Kabbalah.

His oldest son baruch (1845–1893) served as a ḥasidic rabbi in Vizhnitz for eight years, and gathered around him many Ḥasidim. A collection of his writings was published as Imrei Barukh (1912). Seven of his nine sons and three of his sons-in-law were ḥasidic rabbis, a fact which contributed to divisions among the Ḥasidim and gave rise to controversy. He was succeeded by his son israel (1860–1938). R. Israel was very popular and had thousands of ḥasidic followers. He founded a big yeshivah called Bet Israel and moved to Grosswardein (Hung. Nagyvarad) which became a center of Ḥasidism in Hungary. His publications include Ahavat Yisrael (1943) and Or Yisrael (1938). Other sons of R. Baruch with many followers included Ḥayyim of itinia (1864–1935) and phinehas of borsa (d. 1941). The successors of the Vizhnitz dynasty in Bene-Berak, Israel, the sons of R. Israel, include: Ḥayyim (1881–1979); whose teachings are in Kunteres ha-Likkutim (1949); eliezer (1889–1946), author of Dammesek Eliezer (1949); and baruch, of Siret-Vizhnitz (1895–1972). The Ẓaddikim of Vizhnitz were active in spreading Torah learning; in Israel they established yeshivot and housing for their Ḥasidim.


H. Cahana, Even Shetiyyah (1930); Y.H. Schwartz, Evel Yisrael (1936); M.A.H. Horowitz, Zikhron Yisrael (1937); I. Alfasi, Tiferet she-be-Malkhut (1961).

[Avraham Rubinstein]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Vizhnitz." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 23 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Vizhnitz." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 23, 2019).

"Vizhnitz." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.