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VARLIN (Willy Guggenheim ; 1900–1977), Swiss expressionist painter, born in Zurich. Varlin studied under Emil Orlik in Berlin and then went to Paris, where he worked as a caricaturist. The dominant mood of his expressionist paintings is one of loneliness and alienation. His favorite subjects are nudes, portraits, and public places such as deserted restaurants and hotel interiors. In the latter he expressed the loneliness of the individual in an impersonal environment.