Terni, Daniel ben Moses David

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TERNI, DANIEL BEN MOSES DAVID (late 18th–early 19th century), Italian rabbi and poet. Terni came from Ancona, and served as rabbi in Lugo, Pesaro, and Florence. His most important work is Ikkerei ha-Dat (a reference to the initials of his name ד״ט), an anthology of halakhic rulings found in the works of the *posekim and in responsa. It is largely confined to new rulings evolved in the 18th century after the publication of the Leket ha-Kemaḥ of Moses *Ḥagiz, and differs from the works which were its predecessors in that Terni also added his own views. The only parts of the work published were on Oraḥ Ḥayyim (Florence, 1803) and Yoreh De'ah (ibid., 1806). The book has been republished a number of times and was also included in later editions of the Shulḥan Arukh.

Terni also wrote Se'udat Mitzvah (Venice, 1791), homilies for the festivals and special occasions; Mattenat Yad (Florence, 1794); and Shem Olam (Piotrkow, 1929), homilies and novellae on the Torah. He composed Ketav ha-Dat (Leghorn, 1791), psalms and prayers of thanksgiving for the deliverance of the Jews of Florence from attack in June 1790, and was the author of secular poetry, as well as a musical play, Simḥat Mitzvah (Florence, 1793), on the occasion of the dedication of the synagogue in Florence.


Ch. Tchernowitz, Toledot ha-Posekim, 3 (1947), 322f.; Gorali, in: Taẓlil, 2 (1961), 85–92; Schirmann, in: Zion, 29 (1964), 107f.; I. Adler, La pratique musicale savante, 1 (1966), 124f.

[Abraham David]